April 30 2015 - An undergraduate or graduate engineering degree equips you with a transferable skill set. These skills are applicable in a wide range of career paths and are effective in various industries. Skills such as quantitative analysis and critical thinking are highly sought-after by employers, hence engineers are very much in demand and easily employable. There is a multitude of career options open to an engineer. Engineers are supposed to be great problem solvers, who use their knowledge and expertise in science and math to do their job efficiently.
Specialties in Engineering
There are over twenty five recognized specialties in the various fields of engineering, as well as, engineering technology. Engineering students pursue different streams of engineering including Petroleum, Nuclear, Mining and Geological, Mechanical, Materials, Industrial, Environmental, Electrical and Electronics, Computer Hardware, Civil, Chemical, Biomedical, Agricultural, and Aerospace.
How to Get Ready for an Engineering Degree
Students, who are thinking of pursuing an Engineering degree from any renowned engineering college including top engineering colleges in Delhi, can get started with the application process right from middle school. By choosing varied engineering-related, mathematics, and science course work and by taking part in projects and programs, students are exposed to various engineering concepts and they are thus, able to cope up easily with university level work. This advanced planning proves to be fruitful for successful completion of Bachelor's Degree in Engineering.
Educational Prerequisites for Getting a Job in Engineering Field
A Bachelor's Degree in Engineering is necessary to acquire an entry-level job. However, sometimes a Bachelor's Degree in Mathematics or Physical Science may suffice, particularly in most sought-after specialties. Usually, engineering students would specialize in a specific stream of engineering, but often they may end up working in a related or an allied branch.
Other Important Requirements
Engineers who wish to dedicate their services to the public require a license. Once the engineers are licensed they are referred to as professional engineers. Licensed engineers must possess a degree from an ABET accredited program and four years of work experience in the relevant field of work and successful completion of a state level examination. Requirements may however, vary from state to state.
Some Employment Facts
According to some statistics provided by National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates 2012, it was revealed that about 1.5 million jobs were held by engineers. The maximum number of engineering jobs were primarily in electrical and electronics (295,520), followed by civil engineering (258,100), then mechanical engineering (252,540) and finally, industrial engineering (243,620).
Engineering & Advancement Opportunities
Entry level engineers gradually gain knowledge and experience and start working more independently while taking effective decisions, creating designs, and solving issues and problems. Eventually, with greater experience, engineers become supervisors or technical specialists. With time they are able to sharpen their skills and polish their knowledge and may end up becoming engineering managers, or take up sales jobs or other managerial jobs.
Engineering Job Outlook
Generally speaking it is felt that engineering employment is predicted to grow almost as fast or at the same rate as the average for all major occupations through 2020. However, outlook is expected to vary by branch. According to The US Bureau of Labor Statistics environmental engineers and biomedical engineers are expected to grow faster than the average for all major occupations, while geological and mining, petroleum, civil, and engineering would grow as fast as the average and industrial engineering is expected to grow slower than the average.
Earnings Expected from Engineering Careers
Currently engineering graduates have relatively higher average starting salaries as compared to those with degrees in some other fields. Salaries however, are said to vary by level of education achieved and the specific branch of engineering.
Median annual earnings (US, 2012):
The author is a leading career counselor working with a prominent career website. He regularly conducts career counseling clinics for students of undergraduate courses.
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